Archive for April, 2013

UVB increase by ozone layer thinning

April 26, 2013

We measured at meteoLCD a spectacular decrease of the thickness of the ozone layer between the 22 and 23 April 2013, from 382 wdown to 266 DU in one day! As expected, the UVB irradiance (and the UVI) jumped by quite a lot. I wrote a small paper on this phenomen, and used the occasion to compute the important Radiation Ampliflication Factor (RAF), probably the first such calculation done here in Luxembourg. The result is: RAF ~1.1, i.e. close to 1.

So a quick answer to the question: “by how much will the UVI increase if the total ozone column drops from highTOC to lowTOC is to apply a multiplier highTOC/lowTOC.

Here a picture of the measurements at Uccle showing the TOC plunge:



A short spectrum analysis of the RSS global temperature anomalies

April 14, 2013

The discussion on climate cycles is an ongoing and interesting research topic. Particularly so, when many scientist estimate that the consensus IPCC AR’s neglect to take into account very proeminent cycles, like the ~60 years cycle apparent in oceanic oscillations (see for instance here). A quick inspection of the available satellite data from RSS shows a recurrent dip about every 8 years:


Let us make a quick spectral analysis of these monthly data (410 data points). The following table shows the 10 dominant peaks with their period in months:


The next figure gives a graphical representation:


The visual clue is conformed by the spectrum: there is a periodicity of  102.5 months i.e. about 8.5 years in the time series; note the large width of the peak, showing the relatively strong unsharpness (or the variablity of that period). Most apparent is the very sharp peak corresponding to 45.6 month i.e. about 3.8 years. This seems to be the fingerprint of ENSO. A paper published in Nature by Watanabe et al. (Nature 471, 209–211 , 10 March 2011,doi:10.1038/nature09777) shows the following periodogram (green line and text box added), which suggests a period of 4.15 years for about the same period.


Nicola Scafetta has published a very interesting paper in the Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics (DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2011.12.005, reprint here) “TESTING AN ASTRONOMICALLY BASED DECADAL-SCALE EMPIRICAL HARMONIC CLIMATE MODEL VS. THE IPCC (2007) GENERAL CIRCULATION CLIMATE MODELS” where he documents a 9.1 year period caused  by solar/lunar decadal oscillations:


His assumption is that the climate is resonating with several dominant cycles imposed by astronomical pattern.


A quick and dirty spectrum analysis of the RSS global temperature anomaly displays 2 very apparent cycles of about 4 and 8-9 years period: the first shows the fingerprint of ENSO, and the second could have an extraterrestrial cause. Neither of these two phenomena is believed to be related to atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations.